Why does it render on my computer but not on the farm?

Golaem works thanks to procedural rendering plugins for your renderers.

When you start Maya, it loads the golaem module (either because it was copied in the modules directory at installation, or because it is referenced by the MAYA_MODULE_PATH environment variable). This modules itself will set other environment variables for your renderer to be able to find Golaem procedural plusing.

To be able to render on the farm, your IT department needs to deploy Golaem so that it is available from all render nodes and do some configuration on your render farm manager so that it sets some environment variables needed for Golaem to be loaded.

Check Render Farm Deployment and Troubleshooting Render Farm Deployment